• Project Defending Life

What Are the Risks of Abortion?


Heavy bleeding, infection, fever, and incomplete abortion are all risks of abortion. Sepsis and pelvic inflammatory disease can also occur after abortion, with life-threatening consequences.


Before deciding on any medical procedure, it’s best to know about all the associated risks first. Keep reading to learn about the risks of abortion.


Risks of the Abortion Pill


The abortion pill method uses two drugs: mifepristone and misoprostol.


Mifepristone is prescribed and taken at the doctor’s office or abortion clinic. It blocks the womb’s absorption of progesterone, causing fetal demise. Misoprostol is taken at least 24-48 hours later and causes uterine cramping to expel the pregnancy tissue.


The following are risks to be aware of if you’re considering the abortion pill:

  • Incomplete abortion, which may need to be followed by surgical abortion

  • An ongoing unwanted pregnancy if the procedure doesn't work

  • Heavy and prolonged bleeding

  • Infection

  • Fever

  • Digestive system discomfort

  • Septic shock

Septic shock is a serious complication that follows infection and can cause death. If, after taking the abortion pill, you experience any of the following, you should seek medical attention immediately: fever, severe abdominal pain, very heavy bleeding, an overall feeling of discomfort, or fainting.


Risks of Surgical Abortion


Though there are a couple of different surgical abortion procedures depending on how far along you are in the pregnancy, the possible risks are the same.


The following are risks of surgical abortion:

  • Needing another procedure to remove parts of the pregnancy that remain in the womb

  • Very heavy bleeding

  • Infection

  • Septic shock

  • Damage to the cervix or womb

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which can lead to infertility and ectopic pregnancy


These are serious risks, and if you experience any of them after a surgical abortion, please seek medical treatment immediately.


Steps Before Abortion


Take these three steps before scheduling an abortion:


First, confirm the results of your at-home pregnancy test. We offer no-cost pregnancy testing to detect as little as 20 mIU/mL of hCG (pregnancy hormone) in your urine.


Second, learn more about your pregnancy with an ultrasound. Pregnancies located outside the uterus are non-viable and threatening to your health. You need to seek the appropriate treatment. Ultrasounds will also reveal how far along you are and if your pregnancy is viable, or you have miscarried.


Third, take the time to consider all of your options before scheduling an appointment. Abortion is a big decision, and you deserve to take the time needed to make the best decision for yourself, especially when there are so many potential risks.


At Women’s Pregnancy Options, we offer no-cost pregnancy testing, ultrasounds, and information on your options so that you can make a confident informed decision. Schedule your appointment today!


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